Quick guide: Workers’ compensation in Indiana
Your small business work comp questions answered
You’ve got a business to run so we’ll tell you what you need to know about workers’ compensation in Indiana — what it is, who needs it, and where you can buy it.
What is workers’ comp?
Workers’ compensation insurance was created to pay for medical costs and lost wages if employees are injured at work. Benefits can also include payments to compensate for permanent disabilities and to dependents of workers who are killed in job-related incidents. It protects employees from the costs of work injuries and protects employers from lawsuits.
What does workers' compensation insurance cover?
Unlike other lines of insurance, workers’ compensation doesn’t offer different or optional levels of coverage for you to choose. When your policy is in place, it covers every work-related injury considered compensable by Indiana state law. Workers’ comp benefits are spelled out by state law and don’t vary from policy to policy within the state.
How do I know if I need workers' comp insurance?
If you have any employees, even one who only works part-time, Indiana law requires you to provide workers’ compensation coverage.
There are just a few exceptions, which are listed in the next question.
Are there any exceptions for family members, farms or small businesses?
There are a few exceptions in Indiana workers’ compensation law:
- Sole proprietors, limited liability company managers, and partners aren’t covered unless they elect to be.
- Agricultural employees performing traditional types of farm labor directly related to the tending of crops and livestock are not included in the work comp statute. Workers doing other types of work in a farm setting may be covered by work comp law. Employers can purchase a work comp policy for the farm workers.
How much will it cost?
Your workers’ compensation premium is based on how much your payroll is, how dangerous your industry is, and your business’s history of work injuries. If you have a clean safety record, it can help keep your premium low.
For more on how premium is calculated, see our Workers’ Comp 101 page.
Where do I buy workers’ comp insurance?
Where can I get more information on workers’ compensation in Indiana?
Since workers’ comp coverage is mandated by the state, the Workers’ Compensation Board of Indiana is your go-to source of information.
For safety requirements and information, check out the Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (IOSHA).